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Volcanic Peaks

If I were to ask you to draw a picture of a volcano, you would probably draw a volcanic peak. These are volcanoes that have formed a large cone-shaped hill or mountain, with a bowl-shaped crater at the very top

An image of a mountain spewing smoke from the top. This is a volcanic peak.

Volcanic Peaks are what we typically picture when we think of a volcano.

Have you ever been to the mountains and seen a peak? Well, volcanic peaks can look similar to that. Some of them are even snowy! Volcanic peaks can be very tall, and the tallest peak in every continent has been named the “Volcanic Seven Summits”. Many adventurous hikers set out to each of these peaks to hike them. Would you?

An image of a volcanic peak covered in snow.

Volcanic peaks are similar to mountain peaks, they can even have snow!

If you’re afraid of heights (like me) and would rather look at pictures of the peaks then hike them, then you’re in the right place. Here are the “Volcanic Seven Summits:”

Mount Sidley

Mount Sidley is the highest volcano in Antarctica at 4,285 meters high! Sidley is now dormant, although it used to be a shield volcano. The first time someone climbed its peak was in 1990, much more recent than the other volcanoes of the summit. This could be because of it’s rather remote location. 
 

Mount Giluwe

Next up is the highest volcanic peak in the Australian continent, Mount Giluwe. It is 4,368 meters high and is actually not the original stratovolcano. That formed between 650,000 and 800,000 years ago, and a volcanic chain now remains in its place.
 

Mount Damavand

The tallest volcanic peak in Asia stands at 5,610 meters and is known as Mount Damavand. This volcano is still active, and last erupted in 2007! If you go up there today, you can see tiny craters in the volcano releasing sulfur gas. 

An image of Mt Damavand.

Mt Damavand

Pico de Orizaba

North America’s tallest volcanic peak is Pico de Orizaba, at a height of 5,636 meters high. In ancient mythology, the peak was thought to have been formed by the eagle spirit Orizaba. They believed that praying to the god would stop it from erupting. 

An image of Pico de Orizaba.

Pico de Orizaba

 

Mount Elbrus

The tallest volcanic peak in Europe is Mount Elbrus and is along the Caucasus mountain range. With a height of 5,642 meters, it is not only Europe’s tallest volcanic peak but also it’s tallest mountain. The first time a hiker climbed it was in 1874. Since then, many hikers have partaken in the climb, even a Guinness World Record holder!

An image of Mt Elbrus.

Mt Elbrus

 

Mount Kilimanjaro

The highest volcanic peak in Africa stands at 5,895 meters and is called Mount Kilimanjaro. This volcano formed a million years ago but then formed two peaks. The two peaks no longer erupt, but the original volcano is still active! And yet, somehow, some animals still live in Kilimanjaro’s mountain biome.

An image of Mt Kilimanjaro.

Mt Kilimanjaro

Ojos del Salada

The tallest volcanic peak is among the Argentina-Chile border, in the Andes, and has a height of 6,891 meters! Its name in English means “Source of the Salt Water”. However, it uses the word “ojos” or “eyes” because it’s said that the lagoons of the mountains look like eyes because of the salt in the water

An image of a lake at Ojos del Salada.

Ojos del Salada

Other Great Resources:

Volcano and Mountain Fun Facts: http://easyscienceforkids.com/mountains-and-volcanoes/

‘Volcano Facts’ by Kiddle: https://kids.kiddle.co/Volcano

Even More Volcano Facts: http://www.kids-fun-science.com/volcano-facts.html

Written by: Lindley Lund